The next two protocols I'm going to talk about require that you begin, and have a thorough understanding, of my first blog on the subject of leashwork here: http://www.alldogstoronto.com/the-all-dogs-blog/leash-work-part-one-how-to-walk-without-pulling
Protocol #2: The Turnabout
With this protocol, be sure to practice the Start/Stop method, except this time we're going to add a surprise. Perhaps, during your walk together, your dog stops to investigate something smelly in the grass alongside the sidewalk or trail you're walking along, and you walk ahead a little distance. At this point, quickly and inconspicuously get a treat ready. Once he catches up with you, and before he passes you completely, quickly put the treat in front of your dog's nose and lure him around to walk in the opposite direction with you. This will allow you to put the dog at your side - precisely where you want him, and the moment you do, release the treat!
If you're thinking this requires great timing, you're quite correct! As you continue walking together, if your dog stays in the heel position (shoulder in line with your thigh), be sure to double down on the praise and the treats as you move along. What you're going to find is that your dog, non-plussed about traversing the same old territory he just walked down a moment ago, won't be as eager to pull and explore ahead of you. What's more, your dog will begin to understand that you will both progress together on your walk if he doesn't pull ahead of you.
What's more, if you're consistent about it, your dog will also learn that staying by your side earns him tasty treats during his walk. That's a two-in-one deal, and I can't think of a better arrangement than that!
Camille Salter is the founder of All Dogs Toronto and a certified, knowledge-assessed dog trainer (CPDT-KA). She is the author of two books on dog behavior: Pandemic Puppy, and Decoding the Dog Park.